Soft Young Pecorino

History of Soft Young Pecorino

Origins and Development

Pecorino is a term used to describe Italian cheeses made from sheep’s milk (the word “pecora” meaning sheep in Italian). While Pecorino is traditionally known for its harder, aged varieties such as Pecorino Romano, Pecorino Sardo, and Pecorino Toscano, soft young Pecorino represents a fresher, less matured category of this cheese family.

  • Early Production: The tradition of sheep farming and cheese-making in Italy dates back over two thousand years, predominantly in regions like Tuscany, Sardinia, and Lazio. Pecorino in its younger, softer form has been a staple in these regions, offering a milder, creamier alternative to the aged, sharper versions.
  • Cheese Characteristics: Soft young Pecorino is usually aged for a very short period—typically less than 30 days. This short aging process results in a soft, almost spreadable texture with a mild and delicate flavor profile that is slightly tangy and salty.
  • Cultural Significance: This cheese is not only a culinary delight but also a part of the local culture, often consumed fresh and used in cooking traditional dishes.

Expansion and Popularity

Soft young Pecorino, while maintaining a strong presence in its regions of origin, began gaining popularity outside Italy due to its versatility and appeal as a milder cheese option.

  • Growth in Europe: The cheese became a part of everyday cuisine in neighboring European countries, often found in markets as an alternative to other soft cheeses.
  • Entry into America: The introduction of soft young Pecorino to America can be largely attributed to the waves of Italian immigrants who brought their cheesemaking traditions with them in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.

Common Age Profiles of Soft Young Pecorino

Unlike its aged counterparts, soft young Pecorino features a few distinct age profiles, each influencing the texture and flavor:

  • Fresh (Fresco): Aged for 20-30 days; very soft, creamy, and mild with a bright, clean finish.
  • Semi-aged (Semistagionato): Aged for up to 2 months; slightly firmer texture with a bit more pronounced flavor, maintaining a creamy mouthfeel.

Presence in America

Soft young Pecorino’s presence in America has evolved significantly over the past few decades, facilitated by both increased imports and local production.

  • Import and Distribution: Initially brought to America through Italian imports, it is now widely available across gourmet cheese shops and supermarkets, often featured in specialty cheese sections.
  • Local Production: Artisanal cheesemakers in the U.S. have begun producing their versions of Pecorino, using local sheep’s milk. These versions aim to mimic the traditional Italian style while adding unique local twists.
  • Culinary Use: In America, soft young Pecorino is cherished in the culinary scene, especially within communities with strong Italian influences. It’s used in salads, as a topping for pizzas and pastas, and served as a part of cheese platters.


Soft young Pecorino stands as a testament to the rich, diverse cheesemaking traditions of Italy. Its introduction and adaptation in America reflect not only the globalization of culinary tastes but also an appreciation for artisanal, culturally-rich food products. Whether enjoyed fresh or slightly aged, this cheese continues to delight palates with its gentle, inviting flavors and creamy texture, making it a beloved choice among cheese enthusiasts both in Italy and abroad.

Here are the tasting notes for soft young Pecorino cheese presented in a vertical table format:

Body and TextureCreamy and soft, slightly spreadable with a moist surface. Melts smoothly in the mouth.
Notes on the Five Tastes1. Saltiness: Prominent but not overpowering, enhances the natural flavors of the cheese.
2. Savouriness/Umami: Noticeable, provides a depth that complements its creamy texture.
3. Acidity/Sourness: Mild tanginess, adds freshness and a light zest to the cheese.
4. Sweetness: Subtle, underlying hint that balances the saltiness.
5. Bitterness: Almost nonexistent, with just a trace if at all, contributing to the overall mild profile.
Dairy FlavoursFresh, creamy milk with a hint of buttery notes; the freshness of the dairy is very pronounced.
Notable Details on Other FlavoursOccasionally herbal or grassy undertones, depending on the diet of the sheep and the pasture quality.
Flavours Arising from AgingMinimal aging influence due to its young profile; however, slight fermentation notes may develop, adding complexity.

This table summarizes the typical sensory experience of soft young Pecorino cheese, emphasizing its fresh and mild characteristics suitable for a variety of culinary uses.

Here are the key distinguishing features of how soft young Pecorino is traditionally made and matured:

  • Milk Source:
  • Made exclusively from fresh, whole sheep’s milk, typically sourced from local flocks in the Italian regions known for Pecorino production.
  • Coagulation Process:
  • The milk is heated gently and coagulated using lamb or kid rennet, which contributes to the unique flavor profile of the cheese.
  • Curds Handling:
  • Curds are cut to release whey, but are kept larger to retain moisture, leading to a softer final texture in the cheese.
  • The curds are then gently stirred and sometimes cooked at a low temperature, which further influences the texture.
  • Molding and Pressing:
  • The curds are placed into molds that give the cheese its traditional shape. The molds allow for whey to drain naturally without applying heavy pressure, preserving the soft texture.
  • Salting:
  • Salt is applied either dry to the surface of the cheese or through brining. This not only flavors the cheese but also starts the process of forming a rind and inhibits unwanted microbial growth.
  • Aging:
  • Aged for a very short period, typically between 20 to 30 days, which classifies it as “Fresco” (fresh).
  • During this brief aging, the cheese is kept in temperature-controlled environments that help maintain its moisture content and soft texture.
  • Handling and Care:
  • Throughout its maturation, the cheese is turned and inspected regularly to ensure even aging and to prevent the development of defects.

These steps highlight the traditional methods employed in making soft young Pecorino, emphasizing minimal aging and gentle handling to preserve the delicate, creamy qualities of the cheese.

Here’s a comparison of different age profiles or styles of soft young Pecorino, detailing their look, texture, taste, and flavor:

AspectFresh (Fresco) – 20-30 DaysSemi-aged (Semistagionato) – Up to 2 Months
LookPale, creamy white with a smooth, thin rind.Slightly darker cream color with a more developed rind.
TextureVery soft, moist, and spreadable with little elasticity.Firmer yet still soft, with slight springiness.
TasteMild, delicate with a gentle tangy finish.Slightly sharper with a more pronounced tanginess.
FlavourMilky and creamy with subtle hints of butter.Enhanced buttery notes with hints of nuts and grass.

This table provides a clear overview of how soft young Pecorino evolves in its early stages of maturation, affecting its sensory characteristics.

Below is a comparative analysis of soft young Pecorino cheeses from around Italy and similar young sheep’s milk cheeses made in other European countries and the Americas. The table focuses on cheeses that either carry similar names or are made in comparable ways, highlighting their visual attributes, flavors, and textures.

Region/CountryCheese NameVisual CharacteristicsFlavourTexture
ItalyPecorino FrescoPale cream with a smooth, soft rind.Mild, milky, with a slight tanginess.Very soft, creamy, slightly elastic.
Italy (Sardinia)Pecorino Sardo FrescoSlightly more yellow than mainland varieties, thin rind.More intense milky flavor with grassy undertones.Soft but slightly firmer than Pecorino Fresco.
SpainQueso de Oveja FrescoPale white to light yellow, minimal rind.Mild, slightly nutty with a fresh milky taste.Soft, somewhat crumbly compared to Italian varieties.
FranceBrebis FraisBright white, often rindless.Sweet and delicate with a clean, lactic finish.Very smooth and spreadable, almost like a cream cheese.
USAAmerican Sheep’s Milk CheeseVariable, often very pale with a soft rind.Can vary, typically mild and buttery with less tang.Texture varies widely, generally creamier and richer.

This table provides a snapshot of how the production style and local environmental factors influence the characteristics of young sheep’s milk cheeses, leading to subtle yet distinct differences between similar cheeses from different regions.

Below is a table suggesting traditional pairings of soft young Pecorino with various wines and other drinks. Each pairing includes explanations of why it works, considering aspects such as comparable strength, balance of tastes, harmony of flavors, textural combination, and the provenance or history of the combination.

DrinkComparable StrengthBalance of TastesHarmony of FlavoursTextural CombinationProvenance/History
ProseccoLight to mediumThe crispness and bubbles of Prosecco cut through the creamy texture, balancing the mild salt and fat.Delicate fruity notes complement the milky soft cheese.The effervescence contrasts nicely with the creamy cheese.Prosecco and Pecorino both have Italian origins, often paired in regional cuisines.
Sauvignon BlancMediumThe acidity of Sauvignon Blanc balances the cheese’s creaminess, enhancing the fresh, tangy notes.Herbaceous notes in the wine align with the subtle grassy hints in the cheese.Smooth cheese with a crisp wine creates a pleasant mouthfeel.Popular pairing in both Italian and international settings for its refreshing contrast.
RoséMediumLight tannins and fruity flavors balance the cheese’s saltiness without overwhelming its mild flavor.Fruit flavors in rosé echo the lightness of the cheese, enhancing each other.Soft cheese with a slightly dry wine offers a balanced mouthfeel.Rosé, often enjoyed in Mediterranean climates, complements the regional cheese like Pecorino.
Light Lager BeerLight to mediumThe malt sweetness and carbonation of the beer cleanse the palate, contrasting the creamy, salty cheese.Malty notes in the beer can complement the buttery aspects of the cheese.The lightness of the beer works well with the soft texture of the cheese.Beer and cheese pairings are traditional in many cultures, providing a refreshing counterpoint.
Apple CiderLightThe natural sweetness and acidity of cider balance the saltiness and tanginess of the cheese.Apple flavors offer a crisp, fruity counter to the creamy cheese.The effervescent, light body of cider pairs well with the soft texture of the cheese.Both cider and Pecorino are rural staples, often enjoyed together in pastoral settings.

This table provides a guide to choosing drinks that complement soft young Pecorino, enhancing the overall dining experience through thoughtful pairing based on traditional and sensory considerations.

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